A.2 Expressions

IdentifierReference[Yield, Await] : Identifier [~Yield]yield [~Await]await BindingIdentifier[Yield, Await] : Identifier yield await LabelIdentifier[Yield, Await] : Identifier [~Yield]yield [~Await]await Identifier : IdentifierName but not ReservedWord PrimaryExpression[Yield, Await] : this IdentifierReference[?Yield, ?Await] Literal ArrayLiteral[?Yield, ?Await] ObjectLiteral[?Yield, ?Await] FunctionExpression ClassExpression[?Yield, ?Await] GeneratorExpression AsyncFunctionExpression AsyncGeneratorExpression RegularExpressionLiteral TemplateLiteral[?Yield, ?Await, ~Tagged] CoverParenthesizedExpressionAndArrowParameterList[?Yield, ?Await] CoverParenthesizedExpressionAndArrowParameterList[Yield, Await] : ( Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ) ( Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] , ) ( ) ( ... BindingIdentifier[?Yield, ?Await] ) ( ... BindingPattern[?Yield, ?Await] ) ( Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] , ... BindingIdentifier[?Yield, ?Await] ) ( Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] , ... BindingPattern[?Yield, ?Await] )

When processing an instance of the production
PrimaryExpression[Yield, Await] : CoverParenthesizedExpressionAndArrowParameterList[?Yield, ?Await]
the interpretation of CoverParenthesizedExpressionAndArrowParameterList is refined using the following grammar:

ParenthesizedExpression[Yield, Await] : ( Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] )

 

Literal : NullLiteral BooleanLiteral NumericLiteral StringLiteral ArrayLiteral[Yield, Await] : [ Elisionopt ] [ ElementList[?Yield, ?Await] ] [ ElementList[?Yield, ?Await] , Elisionopt ] ElementList[Yield, Await] : Elisionopt AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] Elisionopt SpreadElement[?Yield, ?Await] ElementList[?Yield, ?Await] , Elisionopt AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ElementList[?Yield, ?Await] , Elisionopt SpreadElement[?Yield, ?Await] Elision : , Elision , SpreadElement[Yield, Await] : ... AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ObjectLiteral[Yield, Await] : { } { PropertyDefinitionList[?Yield, ?Await] } { PropertyDefinitionList[?Yield, ?Await] , } PropertyDefinitionList[Yield, Await] : PropertyDefinition[?Yield, ?Await] PropertyDefinitionList[?Yield, ?Await] , PropertyDefinition[?Yield, ?Await] PropertyDefinition[Yield, Await] : IdentifierReference[?Yield, ?Await] CoverInitializedName[?Yield, ?Await] PropertyName[?Yield, ?Await] : AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] MethodDefinition[?Yield, ?Await] ... AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] PropertyName[Yield, Await] : LiteralPropertyName ComputedPropertyName[?Yield, ?Await] LiteralPropertyName : IdentifierName StringLiteral NumericLiteral ComputedPropertyName[Yield, Await] : [ AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ] CoverInitializedName[Yield, Await] : IdentifierReference[?Yield, ?Await] Initializer[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] Initializer[In, Yield, Await] : = AssignmentExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] TemplateLiteral[Yield, Await, Tagged] : NoSubstitutionTemplate SubstitutionTemplate[?Yield, ?Await, ?Tagged] SubstitutionTemplate[Yield, Await, Tagged] : TemplateHead Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] TemplateSpans[?Yield, ?Await, ?Tagged] TemplateSpans[Yield, Await, Tagged] : TemplateTail TemplateMiddleList[?Yield, ?Await, ?Tagged] TemplateTail TemplateMiddleList[Yield, Await, Tagged] : TemplateMiddle Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] TemplateMiddleList[?Yield, ?Await, ?Tagged] TemplateMiddle Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] MemberExpression[Yield, Await] : PrimaryExpression[?Yield, ?Await] MemberExpression[?Yield, ?Await] [ Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ] MemberExpression[?Yield, ?Await] . IdentifierName MemberExpression[?Yield, ?Await] TemplateLiteral[?Yield, ?Await, +Tagged] SuperProperty[?Yield, ?Await] MetaProperty new MemberExpression[?Yield, ?Await] Arguments[?Yield, ?Await] SuperProperty[Yield, Await] : super [ Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ] super . IdentifierName MetaProperty : NewTarget ImportMeta NewTarget : new . target ImportMeta : import . meta NewExpression[Yield, Await] : MemberExpression[?Yield, ?Await] new NewExpression[?Yield, ?Await] CallExpression[Yield, Await] : CoverCallExpressionAndAsyncArrowHead[?Yield, ?Await] SuperCall[?Yield, ?Await] ImportCall[?Yield, ?Await] CallExpression[?Yield, ?Await] Arguments[?Yield, ?Await] CallExpression[?Yield, ?Await] [ Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ] CallExpression[?Yield, ?Await] . IdentifierName CallExpression[?Yield, ?Await] TemplateLiteral[?Yield, ?Await, +Tagged]

When processing an instance of the production
CallExpression[Yield, Await] : CoverCallExpressionAndAsyncArrowHead[?Yield, ?Await]
the interpretation of CoverCallExpressionAndAsyncArrowHead is refined using the following grammar:

CallMemberExpression[Yield, Await] : MemberExpression[?Yield, ?Await] Arguments[?Yield, ?Await]

 

SuperCall[Yield, Await] : super Arguments[?Yield, ?Await] ImportCall[Yield, Await] : import ( AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ) Arguments[Yield, Await] : ( ) ( ArgumentList[?Yield, ?Await] ) ( ArgumentList[?Yield, ?Await] , ) ArgumentList[Yield, Await] : AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ... AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ArgumentList[?Yield, ?Await] , AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ArgumentList[?Yield, ?Await] , ... AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] OptionalExpression[Yield, Await] : MemberExpression[?Yield, ?Await] OptionalChain[?Yield, ?Await] CallExpression[?Yield, ?Await] OptionalChain[?Yield, ?Await] OptionalExpression[?Yield, ?Await] OptionalChain[?Yield, ?Await] OptionalChain[Yield, Await] : ?. Arguments[?Yield, ?Await] ?. [ Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ] ?. IdentifierName ?. TemplateLiteral[?Yield, ?Await, +Tagged] OptionalChain[?Yield, ?Await] Arguments[?Yield, ?Await] OptionalChain[?Yield, ?Await] [ Expression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] ] OptionalChain[?Yield, ?Await] . IdentifierName OptionalChain[?Yield, ?Await] TemplateLiteral[?Yield, ?Await, +Tagged] LeftHandSideExpression[Yield, Await] : NewExpression[?Yield, ?Await] CallExpression[?Yield, ?Await] OptionalExpression[?Yield, ?Await] UpdateExpression[Yield, Await] : LeftHandSideExpression[?Yield, ?Await] LeftHandSideExpression[?Yield, ?Await] [no LineTerminator here] ++ LeftHandSideExpression[?Yield, ?Await] [no LineTerminator here] -- ++ UnaryExpression[?Yield, ?Await] -- UnaryExpression[?Yield, ?Await] UnaryExpression[Yield, Await] : UpdateExpression[?Yield, ?Await] delete UnaryExpression[?Yield, ?Await] void UnaryExpression[?Yield, ?Await] typeof UnaryExpression[?Yield, ?Await] + UnaryExpression[?Yield, ?Await] - UnaryExpression[?Yield, ?Await] ~ UnaryExpression[?Yield, ?Await] ! UnaryExpression[?Yield, ?Await] [+Await]AwaitExpression[?Yield] ExponentiationExpression[Yield, Await] : UnaryExpression[?Yield, ?Await] UpdateExpression[?Yield, ?Await] ** ExponentiationExpression[?Yield, ?Await] MultiplicativeExpression[Yield, Await] : ExponentiationExpression[?Yield, ?Await] MultiplicativeExpression[?Yield, ?Await] MultiplicativeOperator ExponentiationExpression[?Yield, ?Await] MultiplicativeOperator : one of * / % AdditiveExpression[Yield, Await] : MultiplicativeExpression[?Yield, ?Await] AdditiveExpression[?Yield, ?Await] + MultiplicativeExpression[?Yield, ?Await] AdditiveExpression[?Yield, ?Await] - MultiplicativeExpression[?Yield, ?Await] ShiftExpression[Yield, Await] : AdditiveExpression[?Yield, ?Await] ShiftExpression[?Yield, ?Await] << AdditiveExpression[?Yield, ?Await] ShiftExpression[?Yield, ?Await] >> AdditiveExpression[?Yield, ?Await] ShiftExpression[?Yield, ?Await] >>> AdditiveExpression[?Yield, ?Await] RelationalExpression[In, Yield, Await] : ShiftExpression[?Yield, ?Await] RelationalExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] < ShiftExpression[?Yield, ?Await] RelationalExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] > ShiftExpression[?Yield, ?Await] RelationalExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] <= ShiftExpression[?Yield, ?Await] RelationalExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] >= ShiftExpression[?Yield, ?Await] RelationalExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] instanceof ShiftExpression[?Yield, ?Await] [+In] RelationalExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] in ShiftExpression[?Yield, ?Await] EqualityExpression[In, Yield, Await] : RelationalExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] EqualityExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] == RelationalExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] EqualityExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] != RelationalExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] EqualityExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] === RelationalExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] EqualityExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] !== RelationalExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] BitwiseANDExpression[In, Yield, Await] : EqualityExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] BitwiseANDExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] & EqualityExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] BitwiseXORExpression[In, Yield, Await] : BitwiseANDExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] BitwiseXORExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] ^ BitwiseANDExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] BitwiseORExpression[In, Yield, Await] : BitwiseXORExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] BitwiseORExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] | BitwiseXORExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] LogicalANDExpression[In, Yield, Await] : BitwiseORExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] LogicalANDExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] && BitwiseORExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] LogicalORExpression[In, Yield, Await] : LogicalANDExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] LogicalORExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] || LogicalANDExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] CoalesceExpression[In, Yield, Await] : CoalesceExpressionHead[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] ?? BitwiseORExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] CoalesceExpressionHead[In, Yield, Await] : CoalesceExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] BitwiseORExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] ShortCircuitExpression[In, Yield, Await] : LogicalORExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] CoalesceExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] ConditionalExpression[In, Yield, Await] : ShortCircuitExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] ShortCircuitExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] ? AssignmentExpression[+In, ?Yield, ?Await] : AssignmentExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] AssignmentExpression[In, Yield, Await] : ConditionalExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] [+Yield]YieldExpression[?In, ?Await] ArrowFunction[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] AsyncArrowFunction[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] LeftHandSideExpression[?Yield, ?Await] = AssignmentExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] LeftHandSideExpression[?Yield, ?Await] AssignmentOperator AssignmentExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] LeftHandSideExpression[?Yield, ?Await] &&= AssignmentExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] LeftHandSideExpression[?Yield, ?Await] ||= AssignmentExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] LeftHandSideExpression[?Yield, ?Await] ??= AssignmentExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] AssignmentOperator : one of *= /= %= += -= <<= >>= >>>= &= ^= |= **=

In certain circumstances when processing an instance of the production
AssignmentExpression[In, Yield, Await] : LeftHandSideExpression[?Yield, ?Await] = AssignmentExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await]
the interpretation of LeftHandSideExpression is refined using the following grammar:

AssignmentPattern[Yield, Await] : ObjectAssignmentPattern[?Yield, ?Await] ArrayAssignmentPattern[?Yield, ?Await] ObjectAssignmentPattern[Yield, Await] : { } { AssignmentRestProperty[?Yield, ?Await] } { AssignmentPropertyList[?Yield, ?Await] } { AssignmentPropertyList[?Yield, ?Await] , AssignmentRestProperty[?Yield, ?Await]opt } ArrayAssignmentPattern[Yield, Await] : [ Elisionopt AssignmentRestElement[?Yield, ?Await]opt ] [ AssignmentElementList[?Yield, ?Await] ] [ AssignmentElementList[?Yield, ?Await] , Elisionopt AssignmentRestElement[?Yield, ?Await]opt ] AssignmentRestProperty[Yield, Await] : ... DestructuringAssignmentTarget[?Yield, ?Await] AssignmentPropertyList[Yield, Await] : AssignmentProperty[?Yield, ?Await] AssignmentPropertyList[?Yield, ?Await] , AssignmentProperty[?Yield, ?Await] AssignmentElementList[Yield, Await] : AssignmentElisionElement[?Yield, ?Await] AssignmentElementList[?Yield, ?Await] , AssignmentElisionElement[?Yield, ?Await] AssignmentElisionElement[Yield, Await] : Elisionopt AssignmentElement[?Yield, ?Await] AssignmentProperty[Yield, Await] : IdentifierReference[?Yield, ?Await] Initializer[+In, ?Yield, ?Await]opt PropertyName[?Yield, ?Await] : AssignmentElement[?Yield, ?Await] AssignmentElement[Yield, Await] : DestructuringAssignmentTarget[?Yield, ?Await] Initializer[+In, ?Yield, ?Await]opt AssignmentRestElement[Yield, Await] : ... DestructuringAssignmentTarget[?Yield, ?Await] DestructuringAssignmentTarget[Yield, Await] : LeftHandSideExpression[?Yield, ?Await]

 

Expression[In, Yield, Await] : AssignmentExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] Expression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await] , AssignmentExpression[?In, ?Yield, ?Await]